Egyptian Agriculture: Excellent Conditions, Old Cultivation Method

Egypt as a whole depends on one river, the Nile, which flows from Uganda, Tanzania, Ethiopia and Sudan, and there are debates about a more just distribution of water. Egypt receives a huge amount of water from the Nile (almost 40 times more than Israel's annual water, even though Egypt's population is only 10 times larger). Together with water from the Nile aquifer and purification of sewage, Egypt has about 75 billion 1000 sq.m. of water per year. Agriculture uses more than 60 billion mcm of water. 

The farming areas cover an area of 25,000 square kilometers (Nile Valley), which make up only about 5% of Egypt's territory, where more than 90% of the population is concentrated. Relative to total GDP, the weight of agriculture in Egypt is 10 times the weight of agriculture in Israel. Egypt's agricultural output in terms of purchasing power is about $65 billion, and 8.3 million Egyptians (32% of the workforce) are employed in this sector. That is, a GDP of about $8,000 per worker (in Israel, the agricultural product per worker is about $100,000 - 12 times). Egyptian agriculture is very basic, so its value is very low. In terms of water, one 1 4000 400 400 400 400 400 m200. Therefore, it seems that agriculture in Egypt is both labor-intensive and water intensive, but it lacks capital, i.e. equipment such as tractors, fertilizer systems, irrigation, etc. Egypt is the world's largest wheat importer. It still imports about 50% of wheat consumption (16 million tons) and corn (10 million tons), but produces all the rice (4 million tons) for itself. 

The absurdity is that Egypt has a huge amount of water, vast areas and ideal weather for crops, but the cultivation method is the same method used thousands of years ago. The reform and investments required in Egyptian agriculture to make it modern and efficient are enormous, and it is highly doubtful that Egypt will be able to do so in the foreseeable future.

Why visit Cairo?

The capital of Egypt has 17 million inhabitants with its agglomeration making it the largest city in Africa. Cairo is located in the north of the country at the beginning of the Nile Delta. If this city is not quite conducive to tourism because of its size and circulation, you will find many things to do by doing it well: of course, the Egyptian Museum must be on your papers just like the pyramids of Giza. The Old Cairo district (Coptic quarter) is the oldest in the city. Go haggling at the Khân al-Khalili souk, discover the famous Tahrir Square, the monuments of Islamic Cairo such as the Sayyidna el-Hussein mosque, the City of the Dead... In the evening, to relax from all the hustle and bustle of the city, go to the modern district of Zamâlek. If you have planned to visit Egypt and in particular the Nile Valley, Cairo is, very often, not planned in the itinerary but can be a stay of 2 days for example. 

For more information, you can look here - Visit Cairo

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